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Brain Warm Ups and Key Word Summaries

Brain Warm Ups for Guided Reading

It's time for guided reading groups.  The students come to the table, find their seats and get ready to begin.  It's time for a warm up.  A brain warm up!

Brain Warm Ups for Guided Reading

We get settled in and warm up our brains to get ourselves ready to read.  A quick review helps get us focused and is a great way to review a few skills.

Brain Warm Up Cards for Guided Reading

My youngest students might use read an ABC chart or other linking chart.   One of my first grade groups is working hard to nail down those short vowel sounds.  Those vowels can be tricky for us sometimes!  

Brain Warm Up Cards for Guided Reading


 Another way to we do brain warm ups besides linking charts is chunks and word parts.  You can print them on colored paper and put them on a ring.  Then run threw the word parts quickly with your group.


Short Vowel Phonics Posters
I also keep a notebook with posters in it for the students to read to warm up before reading.  These are especially good for RTI groups too.

Long Vowel Phonics Posters

Whichever way you choose to do a warm up, be sure it is quick.  One to two minutes.  You just want to get them ready for the work they are about to do.  Warm ups can be a good way to cycle back over different phonics skills to be sure they haven't been forgotten also.  Then on to the guided reading lesson!


Using Key Words to Write a Summary

Second grade has been learning how to write summaries using key words from the text.  This was a bit hard at first for my readers but we are quickly getting good at this!

Using Key Words to Write a Summary

First we practiced during guided reading by completing the beginning and middle of the story together.  

Using Key Words to Write a Summary

Then the students finished reading the story and completed summarizing the end in their Reader's Notebooks.  They wrote their key words on the side as they read and then wrote their paragraphs.


Using Key Words to Write a Summary

Another second grade group practiced summarizing a non-fiction book- Ants.  We took it section by section as natural breaking parts to the text.  We did this part together during a read aloud.


Using Key Words to Write a Summary

Seahorses was another book we read and summarized.  This time students jotted down key words on their marker boards and then used the key words to write summaries on pieces of colored chart paper.  Chart paper is very exciting to use!

Learning to pick out the important words helps students to summarize, learn important vocabulary, and then write about the text in their own words rather than copying out of the book.  This is one of the easiest ways for students to practice this important but difficult skill in an easy and fun way.

This week, students are going to choose their own non-fiction book to read and summarize.  I am going to do a Book Tasting event with them to help them choose a book!  They are going to love it!  They've each been promised their own chart paper to use and then display the summaries.  It is fun to see their excitement about our next project!




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Getting Sight Words To Stick!

Sight Word Activities that work!


We all know how important knowing sight words is to our students and their reading success.  Getting those sight words to become automatic and stick with them in their little brains can take a bit of work sometimes!  

I use a multi-sensory  sight word approach during our guided reading time coupled with a sense of urgency that keeps the activities quick.   You don't want to eat up too many minutes of your guided reading time to do them.  And by keeping the activities quick, you are hopefully building in automaticity with your students.

Sight Word Activities that work!

The routine I use during guided reading comes from Jan Richardson and her book The Next Step in Guided Reading.  I do not use this for all groups and as always, I tweak it to fit me and my students.

1.  Play What's Missing

Sight Word Activities that work!

For the groups that need it, we write 3 sight words quickly at the beginning of guided reading.  This should be quick and automatic as it is to be sure they remember words they have learned.  After reading we play What's Missing with a new sight word.  Because it is quick for me, I grab an iPad and use that for this activity.

I show the students the new sight word, we read it and then talk about "What Do You Notice".  I want to build their visual memory of the letters and what the word looks like. For the word look, I would want them to notice the ook chunk, double oo in the middle, begins and ends with tall consonants, looks like the word book, etc....  And I don't use capital letters- for some reason that is the picture I had!

After quickly discussing the features of the word, I turn the iPad to me and take away a letter or chunks of sound depending on the student's needs that I will be calling on to tell me what's missing?  This little game is a HUGE hit with my students.  They always say they LOVE this game!  ha!

2.  Build It

Sight Word Activities that work!


Next, we each build the word with magnetic letters and run our finger under the word to do a slow check for accuracy.  If they have made a mistake, I want THEM to learn to find it, not rely on me.  Then we will Mix and Fix- just mix up the letters and build it again quickly and slow check.  

3.  Table Writing

Third, we write the sight word on the table using only our fingers.  You have to teach the students that it is important that their eyes be on their fingers so their brains can "see" the paths or lines their fingers make.  This is hard for some of them.  Not because they can't remember the letters, but some just want to look everywhere but at their finger!  We spell the word too as we write it.

4.  Write It

Now we grab our markers and erasers and quickly as we can write the word and slow check it.  

All 4 steps must be accomplished quickly otherwise you will lose a lot of time.  I quietly count down from 5 and expect them to have each part completed by the time I get to 1.  They like to try to beat me!

5.  Parental Help

ESGI to make assessments easier


Another way to helps students learn those sight words is to keep track of which they don't know using ESGI software.  Once you test the students, you can print off flashcards for each individual student to take home and practice.  Sight words are usually something manageable for parents to help their child with and they usually like to help with that.  Click the picture above to check out ESGI!

Using ESGI software to learn sight words

6.  Sight Word Pockets

Sight word activities sight word pockets

Sight Word Pockets have been AMAZING for my students!  I really like the 4 steps to learn sight words from Jan Richardson, but some of my students need more practice.  I need my students to be able to practice more than 3 words a day and to be able to cycle back to old words and run through their lists more often.  So during other times, I have the students take out their sight word pockets and do a quick run through Notice a theme of urgency?  Having my students for a very limited amount of time, everything becomes urgent!

Sight word activities sight word pockets

Students only use the words in the baggie on the left side.  As they become proficient with those words, I add from the right side.  Once a list has become mastered, I can add a new list printed on a different color.  That way, students can always cycle back to review old words.  My students need this!  Plus, this system is differentiated to every single student.  They get the word list and word cards that THEY need; the lists are not the same for everyone.  Take them where they are and move them forward.

I know some of you are getting snow!  We have not had much yet this year at all.  Here are some fun snowmen to brighten your student's day as they practice!

Snowman ABC Letter identification and matching

Snowmen capital letter matching to lower case letters and beginning sounds mittens!


Snowman CVC word building

Snowmen CVC word building with snowballs!

Snowman Blends and Digraphs Word Building

Snowmen Blends and Digraphs word building with snowballs!



Taming the Word Work Chaos

Keeping word work materials organized


Isn't this how it usually goes...the new year rolls around and we decide to get our homes and classrooms organized.  I don't know about you, but word work materials can quickly become chaos!  Many student groups, all on different levels needing different words, not enough time and soon enough everything is a mess!

Here are some easy to set up and easy to maintain ways I keep my word work materials organized and ready for my reading students.

1.  Magnetic Letter Boxes

Organizing Word Work Classroom Materials

One of the biggest organization problems is all those magnetic letters!  I have lots of letters and I just can't take it if they are all mixed up.  This divided letter box is fabulous!  It came with my letters from Lakeshore.  If your school doesn't have the budget for that, you can get a clear plastic fishing lure box in the hunting/fishing department at Walmart.  It works great too!  I get asked about these boxes from Lakeshore.  They came with stickers to label each individual section to help students find and put back the magnetic letters.

Organizing Word Work Classroom Materials

I keep our letters for making a new sight word in these little plastic cups from Dollar General.  The cups make it easy to prep your words for all the different guided reading groups.  I use different colors for different groups.  

2.  Word Sorting Cards Storage

How to Organize Word Sorting Cards for Word Work

I'm sure you use those little word sort cards and picture sorting sound cards like I do.  


We sort a lot of pictures for word work and they easily can become a mixed up mess.



But after using the word sorting or picture sorting cards, put them back together.


And store them in these plastic pocket folders.  This is a small one about the size you would use for coupons.  This one has 13 different slots.  I paper clip my groups and then store in the folder.  I keep them by short vowels, long vowels, etc...

3.  Student Baskets

Organizing Word Work Materials with student baskets

I know some teachers hand out each set of materials they need during guided reading and then take them back.  That just didn't work for me- personal preference.  I bought these cute narrow baskets at Dollar General and I keep almost every single extra material they will need in them.

Organizing Word Work Materials

The baskets sit on my tables all of the time.  Students are in charge of keeping the materials in the baskets- not me.

Organizing Word Work Materials

Pencils & eraser, dry erase markers & eraser (make up puff from Dollar Tree), paint strips for segmenting sounds, reading strategies bookmark, word cups and a pom pom are all kept in the baskets.

Using Linking Charts for Phonics Word Work

You can use the pom pom or bingo chip in the baskets to use when reading linking charts.  No passing out extra materials.  Keep it all right there!

4.  Student Reading Notebooks

Reader's Notebook for Organizing Student Learning

I started using Reader's Notebooks for my guided reading groups a few years ago and I haven't looked back!  The work kept there is a great way to show progression of skills.  This one with tabs make all the difference in helping students keep it organized!

Using Linking Charts for Word Work

I also have students keep their linking charts in the notebooks.  I do not want to be handing these charts out all the time and taking them back up so in the notebooks they go and stay. 

Using Linking Charts during Word work

I place the charts in plastic sleeves first so we can write on them.  

5.  Phonics Binders

Phonics Word Work Intervention Binders for guided reading and RTI Intervention Groups

Seriously, I should own stock in notebooks!  I use so many of them for my classroom, but it's what works for me.  

Phonics Binders for Word Work in guided reading and RTI Intervention Groups

These phonics word work binders are different from the student Reader's Notebooks.  These binders are strictly for phonics and word work practice. 

Phonics Word Work Binders for RTI

Using no prep, just print and use binders make it easy to get the materials into binders and into the hands of the students.  The phonics binders can be used for word work during guided reading and during RTI intervention groups.  Each student is placed in the binder that best fits their skill level and helps move them forward.  It is so easy to differentiate within each binder too.


Hope these organization tips were helpful to you and helps you manage your work work materials!










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Inspiring Student Writing

Writing Activities to Inspire Student Writing

Happy New Year!!  It is almost time to head back to our students and our classrooms- our home away from home!  And as I think about getting back to school, I am thinking about student writing and how to encourage students to write even outside of writer's workshop.

When I think of student writing, I try to think of real reasons to be having them write- communicating with their friends and teachers in authentic ways.  Here are 3 fun, but real ways to inspire them!

1.  Writing Letters & Notes

Writing Activities to Inspire Student Writing

Kids LOVE to write notes, right?  I know I did in school and I got into trouble for this quite often.  But isn't this an authentic writing activity?  How about letting them know that writing to their friends, teachers, parents is a great way to communicate with them?  Set up the parameters that work for you- no letter or note writing when they should be working on something else.  Give them a fun area with colorful supplies and let them WRITE!  They will go through a lot of paper so scrap paper is good and cheap scrapbooking paper is fun.  Cut it up into small rectangles and set out fun markers and pens.  

2.  Interactive Bulletin Boards

Interactive Bulletin Boards

I have wanted to increase student engagement with reading and writing this year.  Not only with the students who come to my classroom, but with ALL students in our building.  I wanted to create a buzz and some excitement about literacy in a way that everyone could be involved.  These interactive bulletin boards have been a lot of fun!

Students, teachers, administrators, staff and parents were encouraged to write on this back to school board.  They really enjoyed sharing book titles!

Interactive Bulletin Boards

Of course at Thanksgiving, students wrote about what they were thankful for in their lives.  It is fun to read what is written on interactive boards.

Interactive Bulletin Boards

Once the paper is hung in the hallway, students notice what the topic is and they will start stopping by my room to ask for markers so they can add their thoughts too.  I like that it is something everyone can contribute to.

Interactive Bulletin Boards

Instead of what WE want for Christmas, I had students think about what their TEACHER might want instead.  Puppies, a sun hat, and vacations were some of the answers!

3.  Setting Goals

Writing New Years Growth Mindset Goals

Do you have students write about their New Year's Resolutions?  How about instead of resolutions, have them set goals for the year!  This works so well with  Growth Mind Set.  Instead of writing a resolution that is quickly forgotten, students can write about what goal they have and how they will improve or meet their goal.  

Writing New Years Growth Mindset Goals

After students have written their goals and decorated them, they make a great display for your room.  Students then can see their goals and be reminded what they are working towards.  

You can get this New Year's Goal pack by clicking the picture above and signing up for our newsletter!  We offer goodies like this that can only be found through the newsletter so don't be left out- sign up!  You can click on the envelope below too.





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