I was recently asked about goal lines for our RTI graphs. At our school, we plot goal lines and weekly progress to measure whether the interventions are being successful or not. If you do not assess on a weekly basis, how will you know if the student is going in the right direction or not?
After we have given a universal screening, I use the data to determine who needs to be in RTI Tier II or Tier III. This is not a guessing game, picking and choosing based on who I think would benefit or not. I base this on data and how far below grade level each student has fallen.
Now, for baselines... Let's say I have a first grade student who fell below grade level on the DRA. I then give him a quick phonics screening to see where he has a deficit. I take this information coupled with the information I get from the DRA to decide what interventions he would need.
If it is shown that the student need interventions in short vowels, I would then give him what we call a baseline assessment 3 different times. Same assessment given on three different days. These assessments are given before interventions begin. Then I take these 3 scores, average them and plot them on a graph. This will make the starting point of our goal line. For Tier II, our school intervenes for 10 weeks. We like to make 100% as our ending goal. Plot that on the graph and connect the two plots for a goal line!
After baseline assessments are given and goal lines are drawn, it is officially intervention time. Each week, we assess to determine how our interventions are working. We plot the scores each week on the graph for 10 weeks. If the weekly plots do not steadily increase or move upwards with the goal line, then reflection needs to take place. The teacher would need to ask him/herself what changes should take place: different activities, different approach to teaching, or possibly the intervention itself needs to be changed.
I hope this has helped those of you who are interested in keeping graphs on your RTI students, graphing their weekly progress. I would be interested to know how many of you keep some kind of graph or record of progress being made in RTI. Thank you for your help!
If you need help with RTI graphs, you might want to check these Data Binders out:
Update: 4th Grade is now available!